Bunga Harum Sundal Malam.
Pokok Harum Sundal Lilin batik
Sentral Harum Sundal Malam
Plant materials of interest
|The flower are fragrant
and used for a raw material of perfume
|Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,108 m (0 to 10,197 feet). Size 18-24 “ tall|
Perennial and night blooming plant. It grows in elongated spikes up to 45 cm long that produce clusters of fragrant waxy white flowers that bloom from the bottom towards the top of the spike.
Sapogenin as antipyretics and eliminate swelling. The single floweed tuberose has high essential content ranging 0.08-0.10%.
The flower volatile compounds were identified as benzyl benzoate, methyl (E)-isoeugenol, ethyl myristate, and methyl anthranilate (Mimaki Y.
Several steroid sapogenins, such as hecogenin, 9-dehydroxyhecogenin, and tigogenin, as well as glycosides, 29-hydroxystigmast-5-en-3β-yl β-Dglucoside,
(22S)-2β,3β,22-trihydroxycholest-5-en-16β-yl β-Dglucoside, and diribo furano-sylethyl eneglycol, and spirostanolpentaglycosides were identified from the underground parts of
P. tuberosa. Our search for bioactive saponins from
has led to the isolation of six new steroid glycosidess two spirostanols, polianthosides B and C (1,
2), and four furostanols, polianthosides D-G (3–6) together with eight known saponins (7–14) from the fresh tubers. (Jin J.M. et al 2004).
A few glycosides, such as (22S)-2β,3β,22- trihydroxycholest-5-en-16β-yl β-D-apiofuranoside, 29-hydroxystigmast- 5-en-3β-yl β-D-glucopyranoside, and diribofuranosyl ethyleneglycol, were isolated from the underground parts of
P. tuberosa. Cholestan glycoside and three steroidal saponins isolated from the aerial parts of
30 gm root, 20 gm aplina purpurata, dark brown sugar, 400cc water, boil. Strain and 2 parts to be used twice a day.
Four spirostanol saponins with five monosaccharides (1-4). The cytotoxic activities of against HL-60 human prolyelocytic leukimia cells and HSC-2 human oral sequacous cell carninoma cells (Mimaki, Y.,
et al., 2002).
Although the cytotoxicity of against HL-60 cells was moderate (IC50
3.9-9.0 µg/mL) compared with that of etoposide used as a positive control (IC50
HSC-2 cells, which were resistant to etoposide (IC50
24.4 µg/mL), were relatively sensitive to the four spirostanol, showing IC50
values ranging between 1.5 and 13.0 µg/mL (Mimaki, Y.,
et al., 2002).
Modulatory effect on the murine self defense system
Modulatory effect on the murine self defense system by a newly discovered acidic polysaccharide (ANK-102) produced by
cells in liquid culture was examined. Pretreatment with ANK-102 deteriorated the murine survival against lethal infection of Listeria monocytogenes, an intracellular gram-positive bacterium eliminated mainly by macrophages through Falak-cell mediated immune response. Pretreatment with ANK-102 resulted in the accumulation of Mac 1 and Mac 2 positive cells in the peritoneal cavity of the infected animals and the reduction of Thy1.2 expression on the surface of the thymocytes. (Majima T., 1995).
Effects on snail
The powder of
bulb and its sapogenins tigogenin and hecogenin on the reproduction of the snail
Lymnaea acuminata. It has been reported that the two sapogenins tigogenin and hecogenin caused a significant reduction in fecundity, hatchbility , and survival of young snails. Exposure to sub-lethal concentration caused a small but significant reduction in proteins, amino acids, nucleic acids and phosphtase activitites in gonadal tissue of treated sanils (Singh K
Jin J.M., Zhang Y.J. and Yang C.R. (2004). Spirostanol and Furostanol Glycosides from the Fresh Tubers of Polianthes tuberosa.
J. Nat Prod
; 67 pg 5-9.
Majima N., K. Otsuji, R. Nagatomi, Konno T. (1995) Polysaccharide (ANK0102) from Polianthes tuberosa cells deterorates the resistance of mice to Listeria monocytorenes infection.
Mimaki Y.’, A. Yokosuka, C. Sakuma, H. Sakagami and Y. Sashida,
J. Nat. Prod.,
65, 1424 (2002).
Singh K., V.K. Singh, Singh D.K. (1999) Effect of
(Amaryllidaceae) on the Reproduction and Biochemical Parameters in the Ovotestis of Snail
Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica. Vol 27 (1) pg 32-37.
Bunga Harum Sundal Malam